Document Type: Original Article
Department of Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad Nursing Student Orientation health community nursing, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
ntroduction: Oral/dental care is necessary for the health of mother and her fetus during pregnancy. Recent research has indicated a relationship between periodontal diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as premature delivery, low birth weight, and neonatal admission in intensive care units. The present study aimed to examine the effects of education on oral/dental care of pregnant women, based on the health belief model.
Methods: This interventional study was performed in 2012 on case (n=72) and control (n=72) groups, selected by multi-step random sampling, at Mashhad healthcare centers. The case group participated in 4 training session, based on the health belief model components. Data collection tools consisted of examination and a researcher-made questionnaire including 50 items regarding the components of health belief model (perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and action) and oral/dental care performance; the questionnaire was completed before and 45 days after the intervention.
Results:Before the intervention, no significant relationship was observed between the average scores of different components in the two groups. However, after the intervention, the average scores of knowledge and different components of the model (including susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and performance) significantly increased (P<0.001).
Conclusion:The findings supported the impact and efficiency of health belief model in oral and/dental care training. Therefore, it is suggested that model-based training be performed to educate oral and dental care in healthcare centers; this type of training will ultimately decrease the symptoms of mother and child.