Evaluation of the Relationship between Unwanted Pregnancy and Infant Feeding

Document Type: Case Report

Authors

1 Faculty Member, Nursing and Midwifery School, Women’s Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 M.Sc. of Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Medical School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4 PhD Student of Reproductive Health, Student Research Committee, Nursing and Midwifery School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Unwanted pregnancy is one of the most important problems, facing married couples. This type of pregnancy has a negative impact on maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between unwanted pregnancy (based on the couples’ opinions) and infants’ nutrition in patients admitted to medical centers of Mashhad in years 2009-2010.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 300 women with infants under the age of 1 year, who were referred to medical centers of Mashhad, were asked whether or not their pregnancy was planned. Then, they were questioned about their infants’ nutritional status (at the age of 4 months). Data were collected using questionnaires and interviews. Validity and reliability of the methods were confirmed using content analysis and test-retest. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 11.5 and statistical tests. In statistical tests, P-value of 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The findings of statistical analysis showed a significant association between unwanted pregnancy and infant’s nutritional status (P=0.03). Also, the prevalence of unwanted pregnancy in couples with lower education level (high-school education or less) was noticeably higher than other couples.
Conclusion: Since unwanted pregnancy often leads to non-exclusive breastfeeding and adverse health outcomes, we highly recommend avoiding unprotected intercourse. Educational programs and marital consultation are also useful for raising couples’ awareness.

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