Some maternal demographic factors of preeclamptic mothers referring to Ghaem and Imam Reza hospitals

Document Type: Original Article

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Abstract

Introduction: The most common clinical complication of pregnancy is preeclampsia, that beside bleeding and infection, it is one of the  three main causes of pregnants maternal death around the world. Several studies suggest that some maternal factors such as prim gravids,elderly pregnancy, some occupations, previous high blood pressure, kidneys diseases, diabetes and some medical other diseases, urinary tract infections, infertility treatment, twin pregnancy can predisposing  preeclampsia.
Methods: A descriptive study was performed in Ghaem and Imam Reza hospitals in 2011.The population is mothers with gestational age more than 20 weeks. The Information of 225 maternal preeclampsia who were randomly selected, were collected with researcher made questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics , tables and spss software.
Results: Statistical results demonstrated that 77 (34.2%) were prim-gravid and others were multi- gravid.55 had a history of abortion (24.4%),3 person had a history of hydatidiform mole (1.3%).53 women(23.6%) aged over 35 years.11mother (4.9%) were employed and the other were housewive.5person  (2.2%)had a history of kidney stones,6 person(2.7%) with a history of asthma, 38 (16.9%) with diabetes, 108 person (48%) had urinary tract infection,11(4.9%) had pregnancies after infertility treatment.8 Mother (3.6%)had twin pregnancies and the rest were had single baby.
Conclusions: One of the most important roles of midwifes as a health care provider is early detection of high risk pregnancies and refers them to specialized centers to receive medical care. Because high-risks pregnancies are identified in prenatal care, complete full history and use of maternal demographic factors can be used to identify those who are in danger.

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