Nursing Interventional Studies on High-Risk Neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Units: A Systematic Review

Document Type : Review Article


1 College of Nursing, Samyuk Health University, Seoul, Korea

2 Hallym University Gangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Korea

3 School of Nursing, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea


Background: This study aimed to examine the effects of nursing interventions on high-risk neonates in neonatal intensive care units by systematic literature reviews.
Methods: Data were gathered in compliance with preferred reporting items for systematic reviews. The systematic review method proposed by Whittemore and Knafl guided this review of studies conducted from 2006 to 2020. The studies were identified in eight electronic databases and scholarly websites. Finally, 15 studies met the inclusion criteria.
Results: The results of a content analysis of the studies on nursing interventions for high-risk neonates led to the identification of the following nursing interventions: kangaroo care, massage therapy, Yakson, playing mother’s voice, olfactory stimulation by breast milk, playing mother’s heartbeat sound, playing mother’s singing, sensory stimulation, and cycled lighting and auditory stimulation.
Conclusion: The findings suggested that these interventions were appropriate interventional methods to step up the growth and development of high-risk neonates in neonatal intensive care units.


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