Congenital Goiter Presenting as a Transient Neck Swelling in a Newborn: A Case Report

Document Type : Case Report


1 Department of Pediatrics, Pt. BD Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak

2 Department of Neonatology, Pt. BD Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak


Background: Goiter is not frequently seen in the neonatal period.
Case report: We report the case of a full-term neonate who was born with anterior neck swelling and observed to
suffer from congenital goiter on examination. Thyroid function tests were within normal limits. Thyroid swelling
gradually reduced in size during the 1st week of life. All the cases of congenital goiter that has been reported in the
literature are associated with hypothyroidism. To the best of our knowledge, this study was the first case of congenital
goiter with euthyroid status.
Conclusion: Goiter is rarely seen in newborn infants. All pediatricians who deal with neonates with this
disease should recognize the disease, understand its cause and prognosis, and advise appropriate therapy.


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