Evaluation of anthropometric indices in addicted newborns

Document Type : Original Article



Introduction: Drug addiction causes many complications for mother and fetus. Iran statistics on drug addicted pregnant women to 2.2 percent. Given the negative consequences of drug use can have on growth fetal growth, birth. This study aims to investigate the growth process of birth is done in the first 6 months of life.
Methods: The study is a Cross-Sectional study was done on 40 pregnant women 18-35 years old addicted to drugs that referred for delivery to maternity hospital of mobini during 2011. Measuring instruments were: observing and checklist includes various sections were related on the aims. Data Analysis was done using spss software .
Results: The average age of pregnant women addicted to 29.1 ± 0.7 years and the mean gestational age 37.2 ± 0.8 weeks and mean head circumference at birth, 32.32 ± 2.6 , at 2 months 38.4 ± 4.7 ,at 4 month  40.3±1.5 and at6 month 42.3 ± 1.4 .The average weight at birth was 3117.4 ± 543.7, at 2 months, 4494.2 ± 871.5, 4 months, 6102.94 ± 969.1 and 6 months, 7268.1 ± 965.4, and the average height newborn  at birth 48.4 ± 5.7, at 2 month 56.2±6.2 ,at 4months 61.1±3.5, at 6 month 65.57±2.9. The numbers indicate poor growth in infants of mothers with addiction. 9.8% intrauterine growth retardation, and 1.2% of congenital abnormalities were found. Statistical association between neonatal jaundice, convulsions, stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation showed significant with maternal addiction.
Conclusions: These findings indicate the need for more attention to prenatal care, detection and tracking is addicted mothers. Emphasis on medical care in the prenatal period and help the mother to leave the second trimester of pregnancy can improve pregnancy outcomes and
neonatal anthropometric indices to be effective.